Saransk and Mordovia
The climate is temperate continental. At the junction of the woodland and steppe natural zones the rivers Moksha, Alatyr and Sura are flowing through the virgin woods and vast fields. In general there are 114 large and small rivers and 500 lakes. In Mordovia there are more than 100 areas of outstanding natural beauty including Simkino Lanscape Reserve, Mordovian Natural Reserve named after P.G.Smidovich and National Park "Smolny".
Mordovia is a multinational republic. Throughout the centuries the Russians, Mordovians (Erzya and Moksha) and Tatars live here side by side. State languages are Russian, Erzya and Moksha. At the current years the republic is turning to the real centre of the Ugro-Finnish world. The Mordovian expats come here to study, work and live. In 2012 Russia celebrates 1000-year anniversary of the Mordovian People unity with the Peoples of the Russian State.
The republic is famous for its spiritual centres of the national-wide scale striking with their beauty and majesty. They are Paigarm Nunnery and Sanaksar Monastery. The latter hosting the relics of Saint Warrior Admiral Fedor Ushakov.
Situated in 5 kilometres from Saransk in Makarovka village Monastery of St. John the Evangelist is a national centre of pilgrimage and a bright masterpiece of the Russian architectonic. A dozen of the cathedrals placed here attract with the opportunity to rest from the urban fuss and get closer to the orthodox saints.
On of the most famous centres of the Mordovian national culture is situated in a village of Staraia Terizmorga, an ancient place located in 65 km from Saransk on the bank of the river Sivin. A reconstructed ancient farmer's homestead with blacksmith's shop and a bath-house, a culture centre and a park neighbouring five-domed Church of St. Nicolas complete an attraction area for the tourists.
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